USDA-FAS data collated by USAPEEC, reflecting export volume and values for shell eggs and egg products are shown in the table below comparing the first five months of 2019 with the corresponding period in 2018:-
|PRODUCT||Jan.-May 2018||Jan.-May 2019||Difference|
|Volume (m. dozen)||45.9||52.5||+6.6 (+14.4%)|
|Value ($ million)||58.3||43.7||-14.6 (-25.0%)|
|Unit Value ($/dozen)||1.27||0.83||-0.44 (-34.7%)|
|Volume (metric tons)||14,671||12,302||-2,369 (-16.2%)|
|Value ($ million)||53.7||38.4||-15.3 (-28.4%)|
|Unit Value ($/metric ton)||3,660||3,121||-539 (-14.7%)|
U.S. SHELL EGG AND EGG PRODUCT EXPORTS DURING
JANUARY-MAY 2019 COMPARED WITH 2018
Shell egg exports from the U.S. during the first five months of 2019 increased by 14.3 percent in volume but declined 25.5 percent in total value compared to Jan.-May 2018. Unit value was lower by 34.7 percent or 44 cents per dozen for the five-month comparison between 2018 and 2019. The top two importing nations represented 74.8 percent of volume and 70.2 percent of total value.
Hong Kong was the leading importer of shell eggs in Jan.-May 2019, with 19.7 million dozen representing 37.5 percent of volume and 40.2 percent of the total value of U.S. shipments of shell eggs with an average unit value of $0.83 cents per dozen.
Canada was the 2nd-ranked importer during Jan.-May 2019 with 19.6 million dozen representing 37.3 percent of volume and 30.0 percent of total value at $13.1 million with a unit value of $0.67 per dozen. Shell eggs shipped to Canada represent the difference between domestic demand and production, limited by their national controlled marketing system
Mexico was a distant third in rank during Jan.-May 2019 with 12.0 percent of volume and 10.8 percent of total value, with a unit value of $0.83 per dozen.
The Caribbean Region represented 5.9 percent of export volume for the first five months of 2019. This region was down 18.4 percent in volume and 51.7 percent in total value compared with 2018. The unit value of shell eggs exports to the Caribbean averaged $1.39 per dozen for Jan.-May 2019 ($1.93 over entire 2018) which appears inordinately high compared with the average export realization, warranting validation of USDA data or an investigation of the price discrepancy. It is possible that a proportion of shell eggs enumerated may have been fertile hatching eggs.
The Middle East Region imported 2.1 million dozen during the first five months of 2019 valued at $2.0 million with a unit price of $0.95 per dozen. Volume and value were respectively lower by 32.3 percent and 33.3 percent compared with the corresponding period in 2018. Israel emerged as an importer at the end of 2018 attributed to depletion of domestic flocks due to SE.
The total volume of exported egg products during Jan.-May 2019 decreased by 16.2 percent and total value was lower by 28.4 percent compared to the same period in 2018. Unit value decreased by 14.7 percent to $3,121 per ton from $3,660 obtained during Jan.-May 2018. This decline reflected the relationship between World supply and demand.
During Jan.-May 2019, 1st-ranked Japan represented 27.3 percent of the total U.S. export volume with 3,362 m. tons, a decrease of 36.0 percent compared with the first five months of 2018.
Mexico was the second ranked importer during Jan.-May 2019 receiving 2,522 metric tons comprising 20.5 percent of volume and 15.9 percent of value exported with a unit price of $2,419 per metric ton
Canada represented the 3rd rank among importers purchasing 2,370 m. tons representing 19.3 percent of volume and 13.0 percent of value ($5.0 million) exported with a unit price of $2,109 per m. ton. During the five-month period in 2019 Canada increased volume by 20.9 percent and value by 8.7 percent compared to the corresponding period in 2018.
During the first five months of 2019, 4th-ranked E.U-28 imported 432 m. tons of egg products, representing 3.5 percent of volume and 7.5 percent of value shipped during Jan.-May 2019
Successful conclusion of NAFTA negotiations led to the trilateral USMCA, announced on September 30th 2018 but will have to be ratified by the legislatures of Canada and the U.S. Exports of shell eggs and egg products to our neighbors were valued at $74.7 million for 2017 and $89.7 million for 2018 and $28.8 million over the first five months of 2019.
Prospects for long-term exports of shell eggs will be limited by the willingness of importers to accept the World Organization for Animal Health (OIE) principle of regionalization in the event of exotic Newcastle disease or isolation of H5 or H7 avian influenza, irrespective of pathogenicity. Most importing nations, with the noted exception of China, are now applying regionalization and permitting imports on a county or state-exclusion basis following H5 or H7 AI infection.
The fourteen-month ongoing series of incident cases of END in approximately 480 backyard flocks, predominantly fighting cocks has apparently ended. Extension of the infection to four commercial farms in Southern California in late 2018 did not impact exports since importers are complying with the OIE principle of regionalization.
Generally pasteurized egg products should not be subject to any embargo imposed following reports of AI or Newcastle disease.