John Schleifer, DVM, DACPV, Technical Services Manager – North America Line Skjoet-Rasmussen, DVM, PhD, Senior Research Scientist, Chr. Hansen Jean-Christophe Bodin, Msc, Agr., Sr. Product Manager Poultry.
Use of antibiotics in poultry has been under scrutiny for more than two decades. The European ban of Antibiotic Growth Promoters (AGP) was decided in 1996, with enforcement beginning 10 years later at the beginning of 2006. This action led to an
overuse of antibiotics for therapeutic purposes in most of the countries affected by the ban. The application of antimicrobials for therapy, prophylaxis, and growth promotion in the production of broiler chickens has been associated with the emergence and proliferation of antimicrobial-resistant enteric bacteria. Although human exposure to antimicrobial-resistant bacteria through food has been examined extensively, little attention has been paid to occupational and environmental pathways of exposure.