The growth of the Mexican poultry industry


The Mexican poultry industry has maintained steady growth over the past few years, contributing significantly to the country’s economy and food security. Let’s delve into the key factors driving this expansion and the challenges faced by poultry producers.

Steady growth and production statistics

In 2022, the Mexican poultry industry continued its upward trajectory, growing by nearly 1% compared to 2021. This growth translated into a total supply of 6.7 million tons of poultry products, including 2.9 million tons of eggs and 3.8 million tons of chicken meat. Mexico remains the fifth-largest producer of table eggs and chicken meat globally.

The per capita consumption patterns are equally impressive. Mexico leads the world in fresh egg consumption, with an average of 23 kg per person annually. Additionally, the country consumes approximately 33.5 kg of chicken meat per capita each year, securing its position as the 11th largest consumer globally. Chicken meat is in great demand in Mexico, it is the most economical and provides important nutrients in the diet of Mexicans, so unlike other products, the market for chicken meat is still in high demand.

Addressing challenges

Despite this growth, aviculturists face significant challenges. Two critical issues stand out:

Avian Influenza H5N1

The outbreak of Highly Pathogenic Avian Influenza (H5N1) posed a serious threat to the industry. The virus entered Mexico from the United States in late 2022. However, thanks to coordinated efforts between aviculturists, the federal government, and the pharmaceutical industry, the spread of the virus has been contained. As of February 9, 2023, Mexico reported 50 positive cases of H5N1, affecting 5.9 million birds. Vaccination efforts have reached 177 million authorized doses across 21 states.

Animal welfare concerns

Animal welfare has gained prominence, driven by activists advocating for changes in poultry production systems. While welfare improvements are essential, it’s crucial to balance them with economic considerations. Aviculturists must find solutions that benefit both the industry and consumers.

Veracruz: a key player

Veracruz, one of Mexico’s states, plays a vital role in maintaining poultry production. Aviculturists in Veracruz have successfully sustained chicken production to meet national consumption demands. Their efforts contribute significantly to Mexico’s position as a major poultry producer.

In 2024, the poultry industry is growing steadily as the demand for chicken meat has been increasing among the Mexican population.

In conclusion, the Mexican poultry industry’s growth is commendable, but challenges persist. Balancing production, animal welfare, and disease control remains crucial for sustainable development. As aviculturists continue their efforts, Mexico’s poultry sector will remain a dynamic force in the nation’s economy.